INSTAR Deutschland GmbH

INSTAR MQTT Server with ioBroker



Install ioBroker on CentOS 8

If you are are running a different system, please follow the official documentation to help you getting started.

Setting up Node.js

We will start by installing ioBroker on with the official Install Script inside Node.js v10.

Running yum module list nodejs tells us what version of Node.js will be installed by default. The output - as shown below - shows us that we will get Version 10.

CentOS-8 - AppStream
Name         Stream       Profiles                                    Summary                
nodejs       10 [d]       common [d], development, minimal, s2i       Javascript runtime     

Hint: [d]efault, [e]nabled, [x]disabled, [i]nstalled

So all we need to do is running the following command to set up our environment:

yum module install nodejs

ioBroker Install Script

Now all you need to do is to run the following script:

curl -sL https://iobroker.net/install.sh | bash -

ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


After the script finishes you will be able to access the ioBroker interface on your servers IP address with the port 8081:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Connecting to the MQTT Broker

ioBroker offers a couple of adapters that you can use to connect the software to your camera's MQTT interface. A few examples are:

Node-RED Adapter

You can install Node-RED as a adapter directly from the ioBroker UI:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


You can set the Node-RED webserver port - default 1880, a user login for the interface and a URL root path, e.g. /nodered:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


The Node-RED adapter should be up and running after saving your settings:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Now you can access the Node-RED UI via your servers IP address, with the port, root URL and the login that you set earlier - e.g. http://192.168.2.111:1880/nodered/:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


To connect to your camera you can use our Node-RED tutorial.

Example Flow

Start with an MQTT Input node and add the Status Topic for the function you want to switch - e.g. instar/000389888811/status/alarm/area1/enable would return the current state (on {"val":"1"} or off {"val":"0"}) of the first alarm detection area:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Now add a dashboard switch and assign it the two possible states {"val":"1"} or {"val":"0"} that the detection area can take on:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


And finish the sequence by adding a MQTT Output node with the add the corresponding Command Topic instar/000389888811/alarm/area1/enable:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


The resulting flow looks like this and can be imported from the JSON code below:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


[{"id":"b99baf44.25272","type":"mqtt in","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area1","topic":"instar/000389888811/status/alarm/area1/enable","qos":"1","datatype":"auto","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":70,"y":68,"wires":[["9158f257.9f7fc"]]},{"id":"7ec111e1.da923","type":"mqtt out","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area1","topic":"instar/000389888811/alarm/area1/enable","qos":"1","retain":"","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":340,"y":68,"wires":[]},{"id":"9158f257.9f7fc","type":"ui_switch","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"Alarm Area 1","label":"Alarm Area 1","tooltip":"","group":"bb4da677.e6f318","order":0,"width":0,"height":0,"passthru":false,"decouple":"false","topic":"","style":"","onvalue":"{\"val\":\"1\"}","onvalueType":"str","onicon":"","oncolor":"","offvalue":"{\"val\":\"0\"}","offvalueType":"str","officon":"","offcolor":"","x":204,"y":68,"wires":[["7ec111e1.da923"]]},{"id":"b0e646ce.236148","type":"mqtt-broker","z":"","name":"IN-9010FHD","broker":"192.168.2.165","port":"8883","tls":"4a5bc5a5.6ceddc","clientid":"","usetls":true,"compatmode":false,"keepalive":"60","cleansession":true,"birthTopic":"","birthQos":"0","birthPayload":"","closeTopic":"","closeQos":"0","closePayload":"","willTopic":"","willQos":"0","willPayload":""},{"id":"bb4da677.e6f318","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Alarm Area 1","tab":"b5b7854e.b8db58","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4a5bc5a5.6ceddc","type":"tls-config","z":"","name":"","cert":"","key":"","ca":"","certname":"instar-cert.cert","keyname":"","caname":"","servername":"","verifyservercert":true},{"id":"b5b7854e.b8db58","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"MQTT","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]

You can access the Node-RED dashboard by adding a ui to the URL your Node-RED is using - e.g. http://192.168.2.111:1880/nodered/ -> http://192.168.2.111:1880/nodered/ui:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


MQTT Adapter

To be able to communicate with our camera using the MQTT Protocol directly through ioBroker, we can also install the MQTT Broker/Client Adapter from the lists of available adapters. You can use this adapter to both publish and subscribe to MQTT messages (Client) as well as to act as your primary MQTT Server for all your INSTAR Full HD cameras.


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


After the installation, you will be greeted by the configuration screen. As you can see in the screenshot below, we did not opt to use the server, but we want to use the INSTAR MQTT Broker on our camera. If you want ioBroker to be the default MQTT Server, choose Server/broker instead of Client/subscriber. The server runs on the default port on 1883 and - in our case - requires the login that we set in our Broker Configuration.


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


We only want to connect one camera with the MAC address 00:03:89:88:88:11 to ioBroker - so we know for sure that every message that is meant to control our camera starts with instar/000389888811/#, so we can set a general wildcard subscription here.


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Now with everything set we can save everything and activate the MQTT adapter:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Every MQTT topic you update will now be listed in the ioBroker Object Tree and can be used in every UI / Visualization that you are using:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Unfortunately I noticed that ioBroker stopped collecting MQTT topics after a while - and I have no idea why this might be. The Vis UI requires the RAW Topics to connect with our camera and they were still missing. I used the Plus button on to to add these topics manually - which is a bit tedious. If you know how to let ioBroker continue to collect MQTT topics into the object tree please let me know ¯\(ツ)/¯ :


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Visualization

The vis adapter allows you to build your personal admin dashboard inside ioBroker. Head over to the Adapter tab and install Visualization to get started:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


You can open the Vis configuration panel on port 8082 (be default) or you can click on this button in Instances overview:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


ioBroker will greet you with a demo view like this:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


We can now create an new view and drag a Radio Button widget onto the canvas. Just assign the MQTT RAW Topics that you want to be updated when the button is used:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


Clicking the button will either send a 1 or 0 to the chosen topic - in my case instar/000389888811/alarm/area2/enable/raw. Once the camera - with the MAC address 00:03:89:88:88:11 - receives this update, it will activate or deactivate the motion detection area 2.

To change the sensitivity of this area we can use a Horizontal Slider widget and assign it the corresponding MQTT RAW Topics - in my case instar/000389888811/alarm/area2/sensitivity/raw:


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


To test your widgets you can now switch to the Vis dashboard by clicking on the arrow button in the top right. Note that you need a license to use the Visualization that is free for private use. You can find a tutorial on how to obtain this license in one of our earlier tutorials for ioBroker.


ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


The animation above shows the ioBroker Vis dashboard on the right and the Node-RED dashboard - we created in a previous step - on the left. Activating the alarm area or changing it's sensitivity on the Vis dashboard is automatically pushed to Node-RED and reflected on the dashboard.

JSON Flow for Node-RED

[{"id":"b99baf44.25272","type":"mqtt in","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area2","topic":"instar/000389888811/status/alarm/area2/enable","qos":"1","datatype":"auto","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":70,"y":60,"wires":[["9158f257.9f7fc"]]},{"id":"7ec111e1.da923","type":"mqtt out","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area2","topic":"instar/000389888811/alarm/area2/enable","qos":"1","retain":"false","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":658,"y":60,"wires":[]},{"id":"9158f257.9f7fc","type":"ui_switch","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"Alarm Area 2","label":"Alarm Area 2","tooltip":"","group":"bb4da677.e6f318","order":0,"width":0,"height":0,"passthru":false,"decouple":"true","topic":"","style":"","onvalue":"{\"val\":\"1\"}","onvalueType":"str","onicon":"","oncolor":"","offvalue":"{\"val\":\"0\"}","offvalueType":"str","officon":"","offcolor":"","x":517,"y":60,"wires":[["7ec111e1.da923"]]},{"id":"2df6850f.0faa9a","type":"mqtt in","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area2","topic":"instar/000389888811/status/alarm/area2/sensitivity","qos":"1","datatype":"auto","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":70,"y":160,"wires":[["f6880ca3.226b4"]]},{"id":"2b08d32a.75d44c","type":"mqtt out","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"area2","topic":"instar/000389888811/alarm/area2/sensitivity","qos":"1","retain":"false","broker":"b0e646ce.236148","x":854,"y":161,"wires":[]},{"id":"4d19ae3.73a4a5","type":"change","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"","rules":[{"t":"set","p":"payload","pt":"msg","to":"payload.val","tot":"msg"}],"action":"","property":"","from":"","to":"","reg":false,"x":347,"y":161,"wires":[["20fc6702.9f70c8"]]},{"id":"f6880ca3.226b4","type":"json","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"","property":"payload","action":"","pretty":false,"x":194,"y":161,"wires":[["4d19ae3.73a4a5"]]},{"id":"d054f844.49d928","type":"function","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"Transform","func":"msg.payload = '{\"val\":\"'+msg.payload+'\"}';\nreturn msg;","outputs":1,"noerr":0,"x":710,"y":161,"wires":[["2b08d32a.75d44c"]]},{"id":"20fc6702.9f70c8","type":"ui_slider","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"","label":"Area Sensitivity","tooltip":"","group":"bb4da677.e6f318","order":1,"width":0,"height":0,"passthru":false,"outs":"all","topic":"","min":0,"max":"100","step":1,"x":544,"y":161,"wires":[["d054f844.49d928"]]},{"id":"1f9ab059.2a762","type":"json","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"","property":"payload","action":"","pretty":false,"x":192,"y":60,"wires":[["1a86a3d8.30000c"]]},{"id":"1a86a3d8.30000c","type":"change","z":"c2e5509e.eb938","name":"","rules":[{"t":"set","p":"payload","pt":"msg","to":"payload.val","tot":"msg"}],"action":"","property":"","from":"","to":"","reg":false,"x":343,"y":60,"wires":[[]]},{"id":"b0e646ce.236148","type":"mqtt-broker","z":"","name":"IN-9010FHD","broker":"192.168.2.165","port":"8883","tls":"4a5bc5a5.6ceddc","clientid":"","usetls":true,"compatmode":false,"keepalive":"60","cleansession":true,"birthTopic":"","birthQos":"0","birthPayload":"","closeTopic":"","closeQos":"0","closePayload":"","willTopic":"","willQos":"0","willPayload":""},{"id":"bb4da677.e6f318","type":"ui_group","z":"","name":"Alarm Area 2","tab":"b5b7854e.b8db58","disp":true,"width":"6","collapse":false},{"id":"4a5bc5a5.6ceddc","type":"tls-config","z":"","name":"","cert":"","key":"","ca":"","certname":"instar-cert.cert","keyname":"","caname":"","servername":"","verifyservercert":true},{"id":"b5b7854e.b8db58","type":"ui_tab","z":"","name":"MQTT","icon":"dashboard","disabled":false,"hidden":false}]

Live Video

You can add your cameras live video with an Image Widget. All you need to add is the snapshot path for your camera and a desired refresh interval. For a camera on IP 192.168.2.165 and the login admin/instar the snapshot paths are (ordered in decreasing resolution):

http://192.168.2.165/tmpfs/snap.jpg?usr=admin&pwd=instar
http://192.168.2.165/tmpfs/auto.jpg?usr=admin&pwd=instar
http://192.168.2.165/tmpfs/auto2.jpg?usr=admin&pwd=instar

ioBroker with your INSTAR IP Camera


To add a live video stream you can also use tools like MotionEye to re-stream the video directly to your ioBroker Vis:

Alarmserver and Webhooks

Contact ioBroker when your Camera triggers an Alarm

The easiest way to connect your cameras alarmserver to ioBroker is through the Node-RED adapter. Please check out our tutorial: